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Acorns are a very important food in the diet of the Iberian pig. The acorn is a fruit of the cork oak and holm oak and is rich in nutrients such as proteins, fats and fiber. In addition, acorns have a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are beneficial to health.

The Iberian pig feeds mainly on acorns during the autumn and winter, when the leaves of the cork oak or holm oak have fallen and the acorns are ripe and within reach. This allows it to accumulate fat in its body in a natural way, which is reflected in the quality of the meat and the flavor of the Iberian ham.

In addition, acorns also have an impact on the environment of the dehesas. The dehesas are a unique ecosystem found mainly in the Iberian plateau region and are made up of holm oak and cork oak trees. Acorns are an essential food for the conservation of these ecosystems, as they attract a wide variety of animals that feed on them and contribute to their dispersal.

In summary, acorns are a fundamental food in the diet of the Iberian pig and have a positive impact on both the quality of the meat and the environment of the dehesas.

In Spain there are several types of pork, each with its own characteristics and used mainly for the production of different meat products. The most common types of pork in Spain are:

  1. Iberian pork: is a native breed of Spain and is considered to be of high quality. The Iberian pig feeds mainly on acorns and its meat is highly prized for its unique flavor and aroma. It is mainly used for the production of Iberian ham, loins and chorizos.
  2. White pig: it is a very common breed in Spain and is characterized by very lean and white meat. The white pig is mainly used for the production of Serrano ham and slices of York ham.
  3. Black pig: is a breed of pig native to Asturias and is characterized by a thick black skin and very tasty meat. The black pig is mainly used for the production of high quality chorizos and sausages.
  4. Duroc pork: is a breed of pork originating in the United States and is characterized by its very juicy and marbled meat. Duroc pork is mainly used for the production of ham and loin.

In summary, in Spain there is a great variety of pig breeds, each with its own characteristics and used mainly for the production of different meat products.

The montanera is the feeding period of the Iberian pig in which it feeds exclusively on acorns, which is a fruit of the cork oak or holm oak. The montanera begins when the leaves of the cork oak or holm oak have fallen and the acorns are ripe and within reach and usually lasts until the end of winter.

During the montanera, the Iberian pig is fed exclusively on acorns and is allowed to move freely in the fields, which allows it to accumulate fat in a natural way. This fat is distributed evenly throughout the pig's body and gives the meat a unique flavor and aroma.

The "montanera" is a very important period in the production of Iberian ham, since feeding on acorns is one of the factors that determines the quality and flavor of the ham. For this reason, the "montanera" is a key element in the production of high quality Iberian ham.

Iberian ham seals are the seals that guarantee the quality and origin of the ham. The different seals on Iberian ham are:

  1. Protected Designation of Origin (PDO): this is a seal that guarantees that the ham meets strict quality requirements and has been produced in a specific geographical area. In order to carry this seal, the ham must comply with very specific rules regarding the feeding and rearing of the pig, as well as with specific production and maturation processes.
  2. BLACK SEAL: 100% Acorn-fed Iberian Ham "Pata Negra": this seal guarantees that the ham has been produced from 100% Iberian pigs that have been fed on acorns for at least the last third of their lives.
  3. RED SEAL: 50% or 75% Acorn-Fed Iberian Ham: this seal guarantees that the ham has been produced from 50% or 75% Iberian pigs that have been fed on acorns for at least the last third of their lives.
  4. GREEN Seal: Cebo de Campo Iberian Ham: this seal guarantees that the ham has been produced from Iberian pigs that have been fed a diet that includes feed and grass, as well as acorns during at least the last third of their lives.
  5. WHITE Seal: Cebo Iberian Ham: this seal guarantees that the ham has been produced from Iberian pigs that have been fed exclusively on feed throughout their lives.

In short, Iberian ham seals are seals that guarantee the quality and origin of the ham and are based on the pig's diet and breeding.

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